Can Hormone Imbalance Cause Dental Problems?

Can Hormone Imbalance Cause Dental Problems

Your hormones can affect your mood, weight, sex drive, and, surprisingly, even your dental health. Many women are surprised to learn that hormone surges can make them more susceptible to gum disease. Changes in female hormones, progesterone and estrogen, could affect the blood supply into your gums, making your gums hypersensitive. You are more sensitive to bacteria and plaque around the gums when your hormone levels are high and you might need professional help from Molson Park Family dentist in Barrie.

What Role Do Hormones Play in Dentistry?

Due to the unique hormonal changes they experience, women are more susceptible to oral health problems. Hormones affect the blood supply and also how the body responds to toxins resulting from plaque buildup. Because of these changes, women are more prone to periodontal disease and other oral health issues during particular phases of their life, as discussed below.

Stages of Hormonal Development in Women

Most women often wonder about the relationship between hormones and teeth sensitivity. Can hormones affect your tongue? There are five phases in a woman’s life where hormonal fluctuations make her more sensitive to oral health issues, including:

  • Puberty
  • Menstruation
  • Using Birth Control Pills
  • Pregnancy
  • Menopause

Most hormonal oral health problems are avoidable and reversible, provided you start paying close attention to the condition of your mouth during the above five periods of life.

During Puberty

During puberty, there is an increase in the levels of the female hormones estrogen and progesterone, which increases blood flow to the gums. This changes the way gum tissue responds to irritants present in plaque. It makes the gum tissue appear red, tender, puffy, and more susceptible to bleeding while brushing and flossing.

Some adolescent girls might notice that their gums bleed before their period, while others experience a dry mouth before their period. You might develop canker sores, which typically heal on their own. Prevention is the best medicine. Brush twice a day using fluoride toothpaste, floss once a day, and visit the dentist regularly. By completely eliminating plaque and bacteria on a daily basis, you may minimize inflammation, pain, and bleeding.

During the Menstrual Cycle

Why do I get canker sores on my period? Do your gums bleed before period? Some women have oral changes during their menstrual cycle due to hormonal changes (especially a surge in progesterone). These changes can include bright red swelling gums, enlarged salivary glands, the development of canker sores, or bleeding gums. Menstrual gingivitis usually appears a day or two before the start of the period and disappears shortly after the period begins.

The symptoms should go away once your period is over, but if they don’t, your gums’ excessive bleeding is a sign of something else. If you have any questions about how your menstruation cycle and the visible health of your teeth and gums are related, consult your dentist.

Do you experience dry mouth before the period? Maintain your daily oral health routine. If you notice increased sensitivity prior to or during your monthly period, plan for a dental cleaning approximately a week after your period ends.

Taking Birth Control Pills

Women who take some birth control pills containing progesterone may have inflamed gum tissues as a result of the body’s excessive sensitivity to the toxins produced by plaque.

Inflammation is a typical side effect experienced by women on birth control, but now there’s some good news for your teeth and gums. According to a February 2013 review published in the journal Periodontology 2000, the concentrations of estrogen and progesterone in modern birth control medications are too low to cause any gum issues.

Still, if you use birth control, ensure that your health history records at the dental office are current and up to date. This is because your dentist might issue you a prescription, yet some drugs can reduce the effectiveness of your birth control.

If you are having a tooth extracted, you may be more prone to a painful complication known as a dry socket. As outlined in the June 2016 Journal of the American Dental Association, women who take oral contraceptives are roughly two times as likely to have dry sockets than those who aren’t on contraceptives. 13.9 percent of women who used birth control suffered dry sockets. This problem occurred in just 7.54% of women who weren’t taking birth control. Therefore, you should inform your dentist if you use an oral contraception.


While pregnant, your hormone levels fluctuate dramatically. Increased progesterone levels, in particular, can induce gum disease during the second through the eighth month of pregnancy, a condition known as pregnancy gingivitis. To assist in lowering the risk of developing gingivitis, your dentist might recommend regular dental cleanings in your second and early third trimesters. Ensure that you inform your dentist if you are expecting a child.

Keep up with regular brushing and flossing, and be thorough about caring for your entire body. Seeing your dentist while pregnant is extremely important and completely safe. Consult your dentist if you detect any other changes in the mouth while pregnant.


Many oral changes may arise due to ageing, medications used to treat illnesses and hormonal changes caused by menopause. Changes in taste, burning sensations in the mouth, increased sensitivity to hot and cold meals and beverages, and a decrease in salivary flow can all result in dry mouth.

Because saliva isn’t available to moisten and wash the mouth by neutralizing acids created by plaque, dry mouth can lead to tooth decay and gum disease. The majority of prescription and over-the-counter drugs regularly prescribed to older persons can cause a dry mouth.

If you’re susceptible to dry mouth, the foods you eat might also make a huge difference. Avoid salty, sticky, spicy, sweet, and even dry, difficult-to-chew foods. Caffeine, tobacco and alcohol can all aggravate dry mouth. Sleeping with a humidifier running in your room at night can also help.

Is there any connection between hormones and gum recession? Which hormone is responsible for teeth? Women are more likely to lose bone density as estrogen levels fall throughout menopause. Loss of bone, particularly in the jaw, can result in tooth loss. Receding gums may indicate bone loss within your jawbone. Receding gums also expose your tooth surface to tooth decay.

To help lower the likelihood of bone loss, consult your dentist or doctor to ensure you’re getting sufficient amounts of vitamin D and calcium, refrain from smoking and limit your alcohol use.

Preventing Oral Health Issues

Some preventative measures for oral health issues such as periodontal disease and dental caries include:

  • Brushing your teeth using fluoride toothpaste a minimum of two times a day.
  • At least once a day, floss and rinse the teeth with an antibacterial mouthwash.
  • Schedule a professional dental exam and cleaning with your dentist twice a year.
  • Consume a well-balanced diet.
  • Sugary and starchy snacks should be avoided.
  • Inquire with your dentist about using an antibacterial mouth rinse.
  • If you have a dry mouth, consult your dentist regarding treatments like artificial saliva. Biotene is one example of these products and is available without a prescription.

Contact Us Today

Molson Park Dental’s experienced and friendly dental staff can assist you in evaluating and managing your dental health needs. We have decades of experience in caring for patients with varying dental conditions. We understand what transitions you are probably going through and how they may affect your oral health. Contact us for an assessment or to make an appointment.

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